四川麻将

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从“将门世家”到“雅道相传”——折家将后裔多文人

2019-07-31 15:05:02 王树强

文/王树强

“ZHONGWENQINGWU”SHISONGCHAOSANBAINIANTONGZHITIANXIADEJIBENGUOCE,ZAIYIGEWUJIANGBEISHOUYAZHIDESHIDAI,FUZHOUZHEJIAJIANGDEJUEQI,NANNENGKEGUI。DU《SONGSHI》ZHEJIACHUANJI,RUTONGZAIDUYIGEJIAZUDEBAINIANSHISHI,DANGQIHUICHANG!

ZHEJIASHIJUFUZHOU,YIDAIYOUYIDAIZHEJIAJIANG,QIANPUHOUJI,XUESAJIANGCHANG,ZHONGYONGQIANQIU。ZISONGSHAOXINGJIUNIAN,SHANGSUDAOTANGCHU,ZEDA500YUNIAN,DANGSHISHUDAIYISHANGLE。HOURENCHENGZHI“ZANYINGBUTI,QIXUNYEBIAOBINGSHICE,JIUJUEQIANGU”。

四川麻将RANERZHEIYANGDEJIANGMENSHIJIA,SUIZHEBEISONGDEMIEWANGYUJINCHAODEQUELIZHUJIANSHUAILUO,FUZHOUZHESHIHOUYIFENWEINANBEILIANGZHI,FENBIECHENGWEIJINCHAOYUNANSONGDECHENMIN,ZHUJIANQIWUCONGWEN。YIWENGUANWEIZHUDEJINCHAOYUNANSONG,ZHESHIHOUYIZAIWENHUASHANGDUOYOUJIAOGAOZAOYI。

四川麻将SONGJIANYANSANNIAN(1129),JINDAJIANGLOUSHI、POLUOMULIANXIAYANAN、QINGJIAN、SUIDE,ZHIBILIN、FU。ZHEKEQIUZAIQIZIZHEYANWENBEIJINRENFULUDEQINGKUANGXIA,YILIN、FU、FENGSANZHOUDIJIJIUBAOZHAITOUJIANGLEJINJUN。1155NIAN,JINCHAOCHAOTINGWEILEJIEHAOHEANFUXIXIA、PINGXIBIANJINGCHONGTU,ZHEYANWENBEIDIAOLIJIAXIAN,DAOSHANDONGYIDOU,WEIZHESHIDONGQIANDEYIZHI。ZHEYANZHISUISONGSHINANDU,ZHEISHIZHESHINANQIANDEYIZHI。1137NIAN,ZHEYANRUORENWUBAOZHAIZHUJIANJIANGJUN,ZHEIYIZHIBIANLIUZAILESHANBEIDADI,HAIYOUSUIZHEZHENGZHANLIUZAISHANXIDEYIZHI。HAIYOUBUFENSANLUOZAIZHOUBIAN,RUFUGUQILENGYUANQUZHEJIAHE,SHENMULANGANBAOZHEJIAZHAI、SHAMAOZHEJIAMAOCUN,MIZHIZHEJIAGELAOCUN,QINGJIANZHEJIAPINGDENGCHU。ZHESHIHOUYIJUYOUFENBUDIYUYUSHEZUFANWEIGUANGFAN、QIWUCONGWENQINGXIANGMINGXIAN、XINFENGFOJIAODENGTEDIAN。

四川麻将YIWENGUANWEIZHUDEJINCHAOYUNANSONGZHESHIHOUYIZAIWENHUASHANGDUOYOUJIAOGAOZAOYI。ZHEYANZHIDESHIWENZUOPINCHUANSHIYOUJIN30PIAN,ZHEYUANLIDE《WANGHAICHAO》SHOURUYUANHAOWENDE《ZHONGZHOULEFU》;ZHESHUBAOSHUXIEDE《LANTINGXU》BEITIEBAWENYIJIZHEYUANLAOZHUANEDE《XINXIANGXIANZHONGXIUMIAOXUEBEI》TUOBENYEYIBEIFAXIANHESHOUZANG,ZHEIXIEZUOPINJUNNENGFANYINGTAMENGAOCHAODEWENXUEYUSHUFASHUIPING。ZHEYUANLIWEIGUANSHIXIANMIAOXUEHUISHIQIZIZHIHUAXIANG,ZHEYUANLAOZHONGXIUXINXIANGXIANXUE,ZHEYANXIANGZHICHIQIANJIANXUZHOUKONGMIAOYUZHOUXUE,ZHESIWENKAOQUANXUECHAN、BAOHUXUETIANDENG。CIWAI,TONGGUOZHEZHICHANGYUZHUXI、ZHANGCHIDENGRENDEJIAOYOU,ZHEYUNSHENGYUHUHONGGUANYUSHUAIFUDESHUXINWANGLAI,YIJIZHESIQIQULIXUEJIAZHUHUAIZHIZHANGNVDENGSHIJI,WOMENHAIKEYITUICENANZHIFUZHOUZHESHIHOUYIYIYOUYANXILIXUEDEQINGXIANG。MINGQINGSHIQI,RENGYOUBUSHAODEZHESHIHOUYIZAIGEDICHURENWENGUANHEXUEGUAN。

FUZHOUZHESHIZAIBEISONGSHIQIQISHIYIJINGXIANLUCHUQIWUJIUYIKEWENCHENGDETEZHI,ZHISHIBEIWUJIANGSHIJIADEZHUOZHUOGUANGHUAYANGAI。ZHEKEWEISHIBEISONGSHENZONGSHIFUGUZHESHIJIAZUDIYIWEIJINSHI。

ZHANGONGZHUOZHUDEZHEKESHI,CENGJINGDANRENHUANGCHENGSHI、CHENGZHOUTUANLIANSHI、ZHIMINZHOU、ZHIZHENRONGJUNDENGZHIWU,ZUIHOUZUYUZHIWEIZHOU(JINGANSUPINGLIANG)RENSHANG。QIYIGAOYOUSHIRUOGAN,HAIYOU《ZHEWEIZHOUWENJI》RUOGANJUANDENGCUNSHI。

四川麻将ZHEYANZHI(1081NIAN—1160NIAN),WEIZHESHINANQIANDEYIZHI,ZHEKESHIZHIZI,SHIZHESHIDISHIDAIDAIBIAORENWU,ZIZHONGGU,CHONGNINGJINSHI,WEIZHESHIDIERWEIJINSHI,CENGZHU“BAOZHENCAOTANG”YUSHOUANJINPINGSHANZHONG,YINCIZIHAOWEIBAOZHENJUSHI。ZHEYANZHICANJIAKANGJINZHANZHENG,CENGRENGAOJIWUZHIQIANSHUSHUMIYUANSHI,TONGSHISHANZHANGSHIWEN,SUOZUOYOU《BAOZHENJUSHIJI》《SHIZHENGJI》,YIYI。XIANCUNZHIWENYOU《ZHONGSHIDAOXINGZHUANG》JI《ZHEJUCHANGHUAXIEBIAO》(CAN)DENG3PIAN,SHISHUSHOU,《QUANSONGSHI》LUQISHI18SHOU。ZHEYANZHIBIANZHEHAINANSHIZAIDANZHOUXIEYOU《CHAORANTING》:“CHAORANTINGSHANGBINMAOBAN,HAODANGQIUFENGXIAOLIXIAN。QIWEISHIQINGKANGUOHAI,ZHIYUANJIAOLIYAOXUNSHAN。QIAOFENGDUANXUTIANRONGQUE,GAOLEIYINGYUDISHIQIAN。HUISHOUBUKANDONGBEIWANG,GUILINWANLISHIQINGUAN。”

四川麻将ZHEYANWENSHIZHEKEQIUZHIZI,JIANGJINHOUWEIJINNINGJUN(JINJIAXIAN)SHOUJIANG,1155NIAN,JINTINGQIANZHEYANWENYISHOUQINGZHOU(SHANDONGYIDOU)。XUANHEWUNIAN(1123)QIQICAOSHINANCHANERSHIYISUIERWANG,CENGZHUANXIEMUZHIMINGWEIZHIMINGYUE:“FANGYUQIMEI,JINGERGUIQUAN。YURUJIEYUAN,HEDUANYETIAN。XIAOGONGSHIZHI,BUJIAQINIAN。QIDUWUSHANG,RENJIETILIAN,WUHUAIZAI。”FUQIZHIQINGYIYUBEISHANG。JINBEICUNFUZHOUCHENGWENMIAONEI。

四川麻将ZHEYANRUO,WEIZHEJIMIN28GEDICENGSUN,1137NIAN,ZHEYANRUORENWUBAOZHAIZHUJIANJIANGJUN,RENZHIBANIAN,HOUBEIJINDUSHA。ZHEYANRUOZAIRENQIJIANZHONGXIUWUBAOZHAI,KAIRANZHUANXIEZHUWUBAOZHAIJI:“GUODICHONGPI,YIXIJUMINZHIYAO,SHENGOUGULEI,YOUJINXIEZHANGZHIXIAN。YINSITUZHIJILUN,ZHICICHENGZHIHUIBI,YINGONGCHASHI,YUANZIXIACHEYILAI,LVSHUIZHAIZHIHUILOU,HENWULIYIJIANXIN,JINLVZHAIMIN,GONGQUANXIUZHENG,GONGXINGTUMU,BURIERCHENG。QIGONGSUYIHEYIZAI。SUOWEILINHECHAJING,YUXINGZHANGSHUZHILONG,ZAOSHICHUANQUAN,JUFUJINTANGZHIXIAN,YOUGENGQIANZHENG,SHUBAOYONGSHIXIA。”

ZHEZHICHANGSHIZHEYANZHIZHIZI,ZIZIMING,WEINANPAIZHESHILINGXIURENWU,SHANZHANGYINSHI。DANGSHIZHIWENXUEMINGLIU,RUZHANGCHI、CHENFULIANG、ZHAOFANDENG,JIEYUZHEZHICHANGYOUSHIGEWANGLAI,QIYIYUNANSONGSIDAJIAZHIYANGWANLI、FANCHENGDAWEICHANGHE。ZHEZHICHANGQIANDAOJIUNIAN(1173)SHIRENJIANGZUOJIANCHENG,1180NIANLIUYUE,SHIRENCHENGDOUFULUTIDIANXINGYU、QUANZHILIZHOU,YUZHUXIWEIYOU,CENGQINGZHUXIWEIQIFUZHUANBEIWEN。ZHEZHICHANGHAIREZHONGYUSHOUZANGSHUFAZUOPIN,YUEFEIZHIZIYUELINCENGMENGZHEZHICHANGZENGSONG《XUEDAOZU〈MAFUBOSHISHITIE〉》ZHENJIYIJUAN,ZHUXIYICENGZAIJIANZHEZHICHANGJIAZANGYOUJIUSHIBEN《LEYILUN》。NANSONGCHAOZHUMINGCIZUOJIAZHAOFANYOUCHENGZHEZIMINGZHANGSHISHOUCUNSHI。JINLUER:

YI

四川麻将KESHETANZHOUYOUYICHUN,HUASHIFENGYUKUNPINPIN。

YUZHIXIAMUFUSHUCHU,HAOGUATAOWENGSAJIUJIN。

ER

CHAOTINGJINGLVEZAIZHONGYUAN,XIBEIRENCAIYAOTAOLUN。

四川麻将JIECHUANCENGWENFUWUSHU,XIAOXIANGKEBIWOLINYUAN。

四川麻将ZHEZHIGANG,NANSONGCHUNXIZHONGWEIQUANZHOUTONGPAN,CHUNXIWUSHEN(1188)XIASIYUE,YULINNAN、ZHAOGONGJIONG、HUZHANGQING、HANJUN、ZHAOSHANGENGDENGQIFENGYUTONGYUANWANGMIAO,“SISHIJIBI,DENGSHANFANXI,YINWEIYIRIZHIYOU”,KESHIWEIWEN。GAISHIKEXIANCUNYUQUANZHOUJIURISHANDONGFENGNANLUSHIKEQUNDONGZHONGYANGXUANYA。MINGJIAJINGSANNIAN(1524)QUANZHOUZHIFUGAOYUELITIMINGBEIYUFUYATINGSHI,SHIRENSHIYUGUANGZHUANJIWENYUE:“ZHENXISHAN(JIZHENDEXIU)SHOUQUAN,LIGUOZHAIDEYIDAOXUEERWEIZHIZUO,ZHEZHIGANGWEICUI,ERZHENGSHOUBINGYITANKESIYUQISHANG。”

ZHEYUNSHENG,CHUNXIZHONGWEIWUGANGJUNQIANPAN,JIUJUCUITING,SHANDINGGUANZHENGRUXIEMINGQISHIYUE“YUZHAI”。CHUNYOUJIUNIAN(1249),LIZONGCHAOXIANGYINLINGHUZHESHUBEIBIANQIMINGYUSUOCHUZHISHI,ZUO《YUZHAIMING》,YITANSUO“YU”ZHIHANYI。YUNSHENGYULIXUEJIAWUFENGXIANSHENGHUHONGYOUSHUXINWANGLAI,LUNJIMUSANGFUQISHUAI,BUGANYIJIANFUDENGLUNLIWENTI,WEIZHESHIHOUYITANYANLIXUEDESHILIAO。

ZHESHIHOUYIHAIYOUZHEDINGYUAN、ZHEYUANLIFUZIYIWENZHUCHENG。ZHEYUANLIWEIJINDAISHIREN,SHAOSHIYUJIYANGWANGSHANZHANG、ANYANGMIAOJINGFAN、GUANTAODUANYANCHANG、GUANSHISUNXIXIAN、TIANZIFADENGREN,JUCONGSHENANYIXUEDENANFENGXIANSHENGLVYUQIUXUE。JINMINGCHANGLIUNIAN(1195),ZHEYUANLILIANGKEZHUODI,CHENGWEILEZHESHIJIAZUDISANWEIJINSHI。TAIHESHI,YUANLICENGRENGUANSHIXIANZHUBU,WEIXIANMIAOXUEHUISHIQIZIZHIHUAXIANG。YUANHAOWEN《ZHONGZHOULEFU》SHOULUZHEYUANLI《WANGHAICHAO·CONGJUNZHOUZHONGZUO》YISHOU:“DIXIONGHEYUE,JIANGFENHANJIN,TONGGUANGAOYAQINTOU。SHANYIDUANXIA,JIANGTUNJUEBI,YEYANYINGDAICANGZHOU。HUPEIYONGPIXIU。KANZHENYUNJIEAN,SHUANGQIHENGQIU。QIANZHIYANCHENG,WUGENGCANJIAOYUERUGOU。XIFENGXIAORUDIAOQIU,HENRUGUANWUWO,QUEXIANDOUMOU。LIUJUNSHAONIAN,SANMINGLAOJIANG,HELANFENGHUOXINSHOU。TIANWAIYUELIANLOU。XIANGDUANYUNHENGXIAO,SHEISHIGUIZHOU?SHENGZHEHUANGJINHUANJIU,JIEGUZUILIANGZHOU。”QUANCIJIEZOUJIYUE,ZHENHANRENXIN,CUIRENFENJIN。

ZHEYUANLAO,WEIZHEYUANLIXIONGDIBEI。QISHIJIWEIJIANYU《XINXIANGXIANZHONGXIUMIAOXUEBEI》,GAIBEILISHIYUDADINGBANIAN(1168)SIYUE,QISHIZHEYUANLAOWEIXINXIANGXIANZHUBU。BEIJIWENMOYUE:“LIANGLIGUANGUZHIXUNLI,WEISHUJUNSHOUWENWENGWUTASHIYE,DUNENGLIXUEXIAOYIBIANFENGSUJUYUZUI,QIFEILIMINZHEYIJIAOHUAWEIXIAN,ERJIAOHUAZHIDAZHEWUGUOYUXUEHU!YOUSHIGUANZHI,ZEERGONGZHIJU,CIQIZHIWEICHONGRUERYIZAI!”KEWEISHIDUIZHEYUANLAODENGRENZAIRENSHANGCHONGWENSHANGRU、ZHONGSHIJIAOYUDEYOUZHONGZANMEI。LINGWAI,YUANCHAOHAIYOUZHESHUBAO、ZHESHUYU。ZHESHUBAOZHIYUANXINWEIBANIAN(1271)CENGWEITONGZHOUFUXUESUOZANGWANGXIZHISHU《LANTINGXU》BEITIETUOBENZUOBAWEN,WENMOSHU“FUGUZHESHUBAO”。

ZHEYULAN,WEIZHESHILIUYUSHANXIDEYIZHI,ZIPEIXIANG,HAOJISHAN,SHANXITAIYUANSHIYANGQUXIANREN,QINGDAISHIREN、SHUFAJIA。QIANLONGERSHIWUNIAN(1760)KAOZHONGJINSHI,WEIZHESHIHOUYIDISIWEIJINSHI。QINGDAIDARU,CENGRENLIBUSHANGSHU。ZHEYULANSHENGPINGLIANHUIMINGMIN,SUOZHIJUNZHUZHENGSHENG;SHIWENSHUFA,GEZICHENGJIA。ZHUYOU《ZHENGNINGXIANZHI》《ZHEJISHANWENGAO》《KANYUNSHANFANGSHICAO》DENG。《KANYUNSHANFANGSHICAO》SHIZHEYULANDESHIJI,SHOUYOUZHEYULANGEGESHIQISHIZUO297SHOU。ZAIZHENGNING、HUINING、HEZHOURENZHIQIJIAN,ZHEYULANMUDULEDANGSHIDEZHANZHENGCHANGMIAN,SHENYOUGANCHUDIXIEXIALEZHANGSHI《NIYINMAZHANGCHENGKUXING》,YOUJUYUN:“YUGUANTIAOTIAOBUDERU,LAISHIBAIMAJINCUNSHI。SHAQIWANZUOTIANSHANYUN,XUEHUALUANLUOWUDONGCHUN。”

ZHEYULANDEWEIRENYUCAISHI,HAISHOUDAODANGCHAOMINGLIUJIXIAOLANDESHANGSHI,JUQING《ZHESHIJIAPU》JIZAI,ZHEYULANWEIJIXIAOLANDESANDAMENTUZHIYI。TAYISHENGXIANHOUZAIGANSU、HUNAN、GUANGDONGDENGDIDANGLEBARENZHIXIAN,XIANXIANLIUXIALETADEWEIDASHIPIAN,CHUCHULIUCHUANZHETADEGUANGHUIYEJI。QINGYUANMEIYOUZENGYULANSHIYISHOU《ZHEJISHANDALING》:“YUYISHANXIDEYIREN,SUIYUANSHANGSHIZAOKONGQUN。RUHEJIERANGBINGFENLU,QIUYOUTONGSHIJINGSHIJUN。”

ZHEJINYUAN,YULANSUN。JIAQINGYICHOU(1805)JUREN,DAOGUANGBINGXU(1826)DATIAOZHIXIAN,SHIYONGYUHUBEISAN(QUE),DAOGUANGSHIERNIAN(1832),RENHEFENGZHOUZHIZHOU。JINCUN《JIUHUANGZAN》SHIYISHOU:“DALAISHANXIANGQIXIXIAN,LUOQUANHUANGYEZHIKETIAN。YANRANYOULIYUSANSUI,BUCHIGENGTIANJIJIUNIAN。CUNWAIYOULIZHUANGZHESAN,GOUZHONGXINGMIANLAOLEITIAN。GUFUQUNLIENZAIZAO,YONGCHUIDEZEPEISHANCHUAN。”ZUOYUQINGDAOGUANGJIUNIAN(1829)。

ZHEZHONGXUAN,ZIGUOZHEN、WANQING。QINGTONGZHIQINGJIANNINGCHUANBAOREN(QINGJIANZHEJIAPINGGUCHENG“NINGCHUANBAO”)。20SUIRUXIANGXUE,SHIDUNENGWEN,MINGZAOYISHI。TONGZHICHU,HUIJUNJINGONGQINGJIAN,NINGCHUANBAOBINGSHIYOULIE,BILUANZHEYUNJIYUCI。ZHONGXUANSUFUZHONGWANG,BEITUIWEIZHAIZHANG,ZAISHUCIFANGYUZHANZHONG,SHENXIANSHIZU,ZHANZHINENGSHENG,YIJUNBUGANZAIDUERLAI。HOUYINTOUBENZHESHENZHONG,WEIXIANLINGJIDAN,JIEGUJUJIN,XINGJIANGBUCE,FULAOQIUWEIZHAOXUE,FANGHUOSHI。CISHI,NINGCHUANBAOYIBEIHUIJUNZHANLING,XIANGMINSIWANGBAIYU。ZHONGXUANTONGBUYUSHENG,JUEYISHIJIN,KAIGUANZHIJIAO,YISHOUTUWEIYE,SHUSHINIANBURUCHENGSHI,MINGTUDUOCHUQIMEN。WANNIANJIAJIXIAOTIAO,YONGSUNBUJI,RENGSHOUBUSHIJUAN,YIRANZIDE。

四川麻将ZHEBIHONG,SHENMULANGANBAOZHENZHONGWACUNREN,《DAOGUANG·SHENMUXIANZHI》ZHONGZAI:YIWUSHENG,XINGTIANDAN,BULVCHENGSHI,ZHONGRIBIHUDUSHU,HANWUWUJIE。FANMINGJIAZITIE,WUBULINMO,YUANJINZHIMINGZHE,YIBEIMINGQISHU,HUWAILVMAN。YIRENZHIFUWANGCIJUN,XIEQIMOJIRUDOU,MINGGONGQINGPINGWEIGUANBEIDIYI。JINCHENGZHINEIWAICIYUZHONG,JUNLIUYOUSHIKE。ZHEBIHONGZHIMINGYUANQISHIYISHOU:“PINWUYOUCHOUFUMOKUA,SHEISHICHANGPINJIUFUJIA。AFANGGUIQINGJINBUJIAN,BIFUDOUQUANLIANGJINKUA。CAOMUFENGQIUHUANGYELUO,MEIYUCHUNLAIYOUFAYA。HUANGJUESILIQISHISENG,DAMINGKAIGUODIZHONGHUA。”SHENMUERLANGSHAN《SHENGMUXINGGONGLOUYAOBEIJI》,YOUYILINSHENGHURISHENGZHUANWEN,ZHEBIHONGSHUDAN,LIYUQIANLONGERNIAN,SHIQIJINWEIZHIFAXIANDEZHEBIHONGZUIZAODESHUFAZUOPIN。

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